There are literally hundreds of endnotes for the Revelation 11 chapters. Rather than try to fit them all here, they are organized according to the same chapter divisions as the text.
This archive displays the most recently added endnotes first. Click the first post, Revelation 11 Endnotes, to access each endnote in its order encountered in the text.
Because the Reformation had been severely discouraged in France, Bibles in French were rare, and the common people continued for the most part in ignorance of the Scripture.
The war against the Reformation was begun anew in France in 1685 when Louis XVI’s great-grandfather, Louis XIV, the Sun King, revoked the Edict of Nantes which guaranteed certain rights to the Protestants, and made Protestantism illegal. Some of the most learned and industrious men of French society had become Protestants, and they were persecuted so fiercely, that France bled its best and brightest to other countries whence they fled, or consigned them to tortures and dungeons until death claimed them.
See Wikipedia, “Edict of Nantes,” <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edict_of_Nantes>.
“The edicts of the king [Louis XIV] threatened books as well as persons with extermination. The Archbishop of Paris had compiled a list of works which the faithful could not read but at the risk of deadly injury. With this list in his hand the officer entered every suspected house, and whenever he found a forbidden book, he instantly destroyed it. … The records of Synods, and the private papers and books of pastors, were the first to be destroyed. Wherever a Bible was found, it was straightway given to the flames.”
J. A. Wylie, The History of Protestantism, Book 22: Protestantism in France From the Death of Henry IV (1610) to the Revolution (1789), Ch. 6, “The Prisons and the Galleys.”
The entire twenty-second volume of Wylie’s History is recommended for anyone wishing to dig deeper into the spiritual life of France preceding the Revolution.
In France, the leaders advocating for reform saw the corruption of the clergy around them, and the tyranny of the Catholic nobility, and rejected both God and faith as a result.
“It is to be remembered, however, that this was a revolt against the Roman Catholic departure from the true faith, for the Papacy was the only religion they knew. This revolt was therefore against the caricature rather than against the genuine.”
Leroy Froom, Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, Vol. 2, pp. 738-39.
Next the Parisian mob stormed the Royal Armory of the Bastille …
“The Bastille not only overshadowed the capital, but it darkened the hearts of men, for it had been notorious for centuries as the instrument and the emblem of tyranny. The captives behind its bars were few and uninteresting; but the wide world knew the horror of its history, the blighted lives, the ruined families, the three thousand dishonoured graves within the precincts, and the common voice called for its destruction as the sign of deliverance. At the elections both nobles and commons demanded that it should be levelled with the ground.”
John Emerich Edward Dalberg, Lord Acton, Lectures on the French Revolution, p. 73.
The storming of the Bastille took place on July 14, 1789, and is still celebrated in France as the national Day of Independence.