That believers of the 16th century saw the wars of the Reformation, perpetrated against them upon their departure from the Roman church, a just defensive war against the Pope, called by them the Antichrist:
“We must also place in this rank the Machabees, who, having good means to maintain wars, were content to receive peace from king Demetrius and others, which Antiochus had offered them before, because by it, they should be secured in the free possession and exercise of their religion. We may remember that those who in our times have fought for true religion against Antichrist, both in Germany and France, have laid down arms as soon as it was permitted them to serve God truly according to His ordinance, and oftentimes having fair means and occasion to advance and continue the war to their much advantage: as when the Philistines compelled Saul to cease attack, and Antioch to desist from an assault upon its neighbours; and other occasions when everything favoured further warfare. See then the marks which distinguish and separate sufficiently those of whom we speak from rebels or seditious.”
– Junius Brutus, A Defence of Liberty Against Tyrants, The Treatise the Second Part (original text 1581, from the 1689 English translation), emphasis added.